Year 9 Water study trip

Water Study Trip

The Water Study Trip took place on Wednesday 21 February.  Here is the follow up homework task.  This is for assessment: the final grade for the Environment Unit will be based on your work in the unit overall (75%) and with a 25% weighting on this final task.

Homework: Write a description of one of the places we visited on the water study trip and explain what you learned about this place regarding the supply or the use of water.  Include a coloured pencil sketch of this place, with a clear title and labels. 

9A had a full lesson to work on this task  (22 February period 5) so just need to finish it off.  They have other homework instructions to prepare their thoughts on the next unit, International Development.

You may find some of the photographs on this page helpful when making your sketch. In case you have lost it for any reason, the original handout can be opened from a Word document here: Water study handout

1. Photographs of the Hidraqua water treatment plant for Benidorm



2. Photographs of the historic water mill in Sella


Amable explaining the process of milling grain into flour


Main driving wheels of the mill machinery (under floor)



Geography Trip 020

This is the water channel (acequia) which brings the water into the mill pool at the top level of the mill


All the various functions of the mill – such as grinding the grain into flour and sifting the flour – are powered by water.  This is known as hydraulic power


We had our picnic lunch next to the nearby Roman remains of a much older mill, below the village of Sella.  This site is two thousand years old.

Geography Trip 025

“Trouble at ‘mill?”  Year 9 group photo next to remains of Roman mill.

3. Photographs of the 17th century dam at Relleu

The bus did not take us to the 17th century dam and reservoir on the river Amadorio at Relleu because the driver thought the two kilometre stretch of road to it was too narrow, so we had to cancel this part of our trip.  We would have seen the oldest high dam of this type in Europe, built by Spanish military engineers.  (See explanation below, from the interpretation panels at the site of the dam.)



Relleu dam showing spillway (water release over top of dam) and path to right leading into the Amadorio river gorge


Relleu dam

This cross section of the Relleu dam shows why it was built at this point in the river: in the 17th century the technology only allowed for a narrow high dam.

Relleu 2
The purpose of the reservoir was to provide water for crop irrigation and public use in La Vila Joiosa during times of drought, as the water cycle of the region has alternating periods of heavy seasonal  rainfall punctuated by times of drought that may last several years.


4. The modern Amadorio dam and reservoir at Orxeta


We finished the day passing the Amadorio reservoir where the level could be seen as less than half full after all the recent rains.  The old road bridge could be seen standing partly clear of the water: this was the old road between Orxeta and La Vila Joiosa before the dam was built in 1947.

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Christmas 2017


Key Stage 4 Christmas homework

Revise, revise, revise!  Your recent GCSE Paper 2 practice was generally done to a high standard and most of you seem well prepared.  Make sure you all read my detailed individual comments on your papers, as I have tried to give guidance whether your wrong answers were due to gaps in knowledge or poor focus in thinking through the question.  Please revise case studies ready for the mock exams.

Paper 1 topics

With Paper 1 you have three sections, A, B and C and you must choose one question from each.  Section A has questions on Population and Migration; Section B has questions on Rocks and Soils/Natural Hazards and Drainage Basins and Rivers; Section C has questions on Settlement and Industry/Tourism.

Paper 2 topics

In addition to the standard Map Section, there are questions on: Settlement; Coasts; Tourism; Plate Tectonics; and Migration.

Use the past papers to do some further map practice.

Teide 5

And remember: Geography is not just about exams.  Watch out for Geography in the news this holiday.  Volcanoes, migration and refugee issues, trade talks, climate change: it’s all out there!  Geography connects you with the world.

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Flood hydrographs



Practice questions:

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Yr 9 Plastic Pollution Project

Dead seabird with plastic contents in stomach

As part of the environmental unit (Unit 3 in Interactions) we are now going to do an extended study of the way plastics are polluting the environment, particularly the oceans.  More than eight million tonnes of plastic is thrown away each year and washed out to sea.  It takes centuries to break down. It’s eaten by marine creatures. And it’s in our food chain.

Homework this week will be a research task based on the film A Plastic Tide:

seal plastic

The plastic choking the oceans of the world is illustrated very well by this photo of a seal injured by discarded plastic fishing net.  The irresponsible dumping of plastics in the oceans is a topic which concerns all of us and we need to ask how can the problem be addressed. We must start by recognising that we are all part of the problem.

Homework week 1

Return date (9M) Monday 15 May; (9W) Tuesday 16 May.

Homework task for Plastic Week 1 is to research your fridge at home.  A good time to do this is immediately after the weekly shopping has been done: that is why you are having longer to do the homework this week, so you can choose the right moment to survey the fridge.  Do not leave your fridge door open while doing the survey: take all plastic items out from one part of the fridge, close the door, record the items, then replace them and take out some more.  Remember, leaving a fridge door open wastes energy.  Record all plastic items like this:

Date: Time:
Description of plastic Rigid Soft Number
1 litre bottle water 2 2
Juice carton plastic top 2 2
Egg tray top & wrapper 1  1 2
500 ml yogurt pot & top  2 2
100 gm flan de huevo 6 6
Pizza tray & top 2  2 4
500 gm bacon 1 1

Please keep a full record as this will be used for pair-work in class.

Further links for Plastic Project Week 1:

andaman-south-sentinel-584x464 (1)


Week 2: the Great Plastic Rubbish Gyre


Homework week 2

Return date (9M) Monday 22 May; (9W) Tuesday 23 May.

The homework task for Plastic Week 2 will be completely rubbish! Every time you finish a plastic drink bottle, food bag, crisp packet, plastic writing pen, anything… Don’t throw it away.  Keep it.  Yes, I want you to  keep your rubbish! Have a shopping bag or something inside your school bag to collect your rubbish.  Then at the end of the day, add the items to your plastic diary, to be set out like this:

DAY Description of plastic Use Quantity
MON Crisp packet S (Single) 1
Coca Cola bottle & top S 2
Ballpoint pen & top M (Multiple) 2
Sandwich box and lid S 2
Water bottle & top S 2
Old document wallets M 5
Etc… Total

Please keep a full record as this will be used for pair-work in class.

Plastics Project Week 3

First we looked at the problem and now we shall attempt to see what the solution may be.  What steps are being taken to recycle plastics or avoid using them so widely?  This is a complex issue and there are no easy answers because we have become used to the convenience and cheapness of plastic goods and plastic packaging.  However, our present dumping of plastic waste is so environmentally unsustainable that we can argue this is  serious problem like climate change, and we MUST address it somehow.

There are ways of addressing specific issues of plastic waste, and we will probably need to take steps one-at-a-time like this to solve the problem.  Banning plastics overnight is simply not going to happen, but there are things we can start doing to recycle or return to non-plastic production of some items.  For example, building houses in developing countries using plastic bottles, as seen in this video.

World’ largest plastic bottle recycling plant in California, USA.  “Closed loop recycling ” means that there is a continuous recycling of the plastic and none of it ends up going into landfill rubbish sites or into the sea.

Homework task for Plastic Week 3 is called “Solving the Problem: Sustainable Plastic Use?

1. Read the information on this web page: and say which three of the ten solutions are most practical and why you think so.

2. Add two more ways to this list to reduce plastic use.  These can be ways you discussed in class in the pair work.

3. Use Google to search for one plastic recycling project you think is a good example: summarise the project in about half a page.  Search with advanced Google search, using “recycling plastic” as a key phrase and other key words such as “bottles” “packaging” “micro-plastics” etc.

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Year 8 Geography

8C will be continuing Geography for the rest of the year with Mr Thomas, who is taking over from Miss Pyott, so there will now be supporting resources for some topics on this Geography blog.

The materials for 8C will be in the drop down menu at the top of the main blog page.

Welcome again to the Geography blog, which most of you last used in Year 7.

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Cover work: Year 7 and Year 9

DSCN2995 7L  and 7C  work

Pages 114-115  Title: What do aerial photos show?  These are quite easily understood fun activities involving interpretation of photographs.  Try to complete all activities 1,2 and 3 in the lesson.

DSCN2996 9W work

Pages 50-51  Title: Why are we concerned about the environment? This was the extension activity from the last lesson: if you did not do it or did not complete it, start with this.

Move on to the next exercise…

Pages 52-53 Title: Who cares for the Environment?  Read the introduction and do as many of the activities as you have time for.  This is very centred on British environmental control: as usual I will introduce some local examples of care for the environment in Costa Blanca next.


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Extreme weather: orange warning

Costa Blanca on Orange Warning today from 13.00.  See


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