Forced migration case study: Afghanistan

Afghan refugees in Pakistan

I have put together links here for the case study of refugees from Afghanistan, a very clear example of forced migration. is a good starting point, with forced migration fully defined, as well as its sub-categories, such as Conflict Induced Displacement which applies very much to the Afghan case study. See their full definitions of categories and note the various ways in which forced migration can be induced.

UNHCR Afghanistan pages The United Nations refugee agency provides up-to-date figures and shows that more than 5.7 million refugees have voluntarily repatriated to Afghanistan in the last 10 years, of whom more than 4.6 million were assisted to do so by UNHCR. Nonetheless, some 2.7 million Afghans continue to live in exile in neighbouring countries.  The repatriation process is one that we shall explore in our study: it often involves young people under 18 who have special protected status in receiving countries as minors, but when they reach 18 they lose that status and can be deported back to their country of origin.

Broken futures: young Afghan asylum seekers in the UK and in their country of origin. PDF file (2012) Broken futures – Afghan refugees

Afghanistan forced migration

Afghan refugees in Pakistan 2 This website is a good up-to-date introduction to the key points of the Afghan refugee situation. As of 2012, there remained 1.8 million Afghan refugees in Pakistan.

AFGHANISTAN – Feinstein humanitarian report 2012 “AFGHANISTAN: Humanitarianism in Uncertain Times”

Paiwand is the organisation for Afghan refugees in London. The website contains useful information about the lives of the Afghan community in London.



Videos used in class:

Pakistan refugee camp during the 1980s Mujahideen war with Soviet forces. This video is to show Pakistan as a host country has been putting up refugees in millions from Afghanistan for decades.

Paris: Afghan refugees tell their migration stories.

Calais: the encampment outside the town whereAfghan refugees, some of them very young, wait for an opportunity to cross the English Channel to Dover.

Afghanistan 2014: the refugee problem seen from the Afghan government perspective, as they fear a great many skilled people fleeing the country when the military presence of US and Britain comes to an end.


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