Civil War links: Year 12

1920s women drying plums.jpg

Follow up for the two lessons on the Spanish Civil War (January 30/31 2017):

The two lessons focused on the Spanish Civil War in a local theatre and then the wider European context, as well as mention of one leading personality (as you need for your exam).

1. Events in the Balearic islands of Ibiza and Formentera in the summer of 1936. Powerpoint presentation from the lesson can be seen here:  scw-part-1

2. “Non-intervention” agreement, and how it benefitted the Nationalist cause, ultimately leading to the defeat of the Spanish Republic.  Powerpoint presentation from the lesson can be seen here: scw-part-2

3. One important personality of the Civil War: Miguel de Unamuno’s courageous example. Powerpoint page from the lesson can be seen here: scw-part-2-unamuno


The two main references I used for my lessons were:

Hugh Thomas, The Spanish Civil War, (1955)  Readers Union reprint 1961.

Henry Buckley, The Life and Death of the Spanish Republic, (1940) Tauris reprint 2013.


The Dragon Rapide from Croydon airport, piloted by Captain Bebb, that flew Franco from Las Palmas to Tetuán in July 1936.

For the facts concerning the flight of the Dragon Rapide that flew General Franco from Las Palmas to Tetuán, and the proof that MI6 (the British Security Service) was fully involved, see the University of Huddersfield Repository page and download the 4-page PDF file with the details of the released secret personal file of Major Hugh Pollard.  This provides the proof that the British government was totally involved in the rebellion against the Spanish REpublic in 1936.  Read the comments of the British consul in Las Palmas on page 278, who “passed very favourable comments on the mission” when he spoke to the captain of the aeroplane that was waiting to fly Franco to Tetuán.

Finally here are some further links to look at three significant personalities of the Spanish Civil War.  They are all on the Republican side.  If you wish to write about Franco as an important historical character, or others on the Nationalist side I would be happy to give you references to help with this, but I prefer not to put links on my blog.

  1. Miguel de Unamuno
  2. General Enrique Lister
  3. Dolores Ibarruri “La Pasionaria”

In my first lesson on the Civil War I explained to you how we were taught about it in the Instituto de Enseñanza Media in Ibiza in Franco’s Spain in the 1960s, with Capitan Nuñez teaching us in his army uniform under the portrait of Franco.  Here is how the Spanish Civil War is taught in that very same school today: Artur Parrón teaching the students in 2016:


And that is it, but please ask me any time for any further references to help with your preparation for the exam.  I am not a historian nor an expert: I just happen to have spent a few years reading about the subject (something like fifty years…)